Huilai County cultural relics - Longjiang Guan Confucius Temple


Longjiang Guan Confucius Temple, also known as "Guan Emperor Temple", is a temple with well-preserved ancient buildings. Its architectural style and exquisite wood carving art are of historical and cultural research value. Guan Fu Zi Temple is located in Guan Di She, Longjiang Town district, Huilai County. It was built in the Wanli Period of Ming Dynasty, covering an area of more than 400 square meters. The building is a one-story structure of earth, stone and wood.


The Longjiang Confucius Temple is dedicated to Guan Yu, a general of Shu during The Three Kingdoms period. Guan Yu, also known by his courtesy name Yunchang, raised an army in his village when he was young. He became brothers with liu Bei and Zhang Fei and made great contributions to the founding of the state of Shu. After guan Yu's death, his image was gradually deified by later generations. The imperial court of successive dynasties praised him for many times, and he was honored as "Guan Gong" and "Sage of martial arts".


Long Jiang Guan Confucius Temple, simple and magnificent. The main gate has a stone plaque "Guan Fu Zi Temple" four regular script characters, under a pair of stone lion and "loyalty, righteousness" words. Gate couplet yue: horse cut Yan Liang hebei hero are cold bravery, single knife will Lu Su Jiangnan just shi Qi shocked. On both sides of the shell grey wall is built with round green flowers, there are ancient costume drama content, rich and colorful. The door belly has dramatic content and ancient auspicious patterns and other stone carvings. Behind the door hangs a wooden plaque "Guan Fu Zi Temple", on both sides of the worship of The Lord Ma and Ford Lord god. In front of the hall above the worship pavilion carved beams and painted buildings, flowers, insects, birds, animals, dramatic figures and other stone, wood and other precious decorative components, patterns are clearly visible, lifelike, lifelike. On the left and right sides is the release pool, the walls of the dragon, tiger and other porcelain inlay craft, lively.


Guan Confucius Temple hanging in the main hall "ancient one", "eternal renji" horizontal plaque. Between the stone column inlaid hanging couplets, gold lacquer wood carvings. The main hall taiping door frame, the old hanging couplets said: barefaced bingxin, riding red rabbit chasing the wind drive when remember red emperor; Green lanterns view history, so that green dragon crescent stability micro place worthy of the sky. The main hall is carved with flying dragon dance phoenix, lion play ball, magpie around plum, auspicious patterns, rare birds and auspicious animals, flowers and fruit worm fish, a wide range of modeling themes. The wood carvings embedded in this ancient building are dazzling and exquisite. The wood carving art in The Confucius Temple of Longjiang Guan is profound in connotation and adopts various techniques, including relief carving, sunken carving, open carving and round carving. In the delicate and elegant artistic atmosphere, people can appreciate the cultural connotation of Chaoshan culture and feel its strong local characteristics.


Temple behind the wall of a relief statue of Guan Yu, said "hard body", lifelike shape, eyes jiongjiong; The idol in the middle is called "soft body", wearing a robe and a crown, guan Di is like a moral model and spiritual support for millions of people. Around the statues of Guan Ping, the eldest son of Guan Yu, and Zhou Cang, the general. Hanging above the main hall "Yi Bo Yun Tian" plaque and palace lamp, bright. On both sides are weapons such as knives and axes, and columns of plates. On the left side is a bronze bell, and on the right side is a barrel drum. On the two walls are two characters, "Loyalty and righteousness", which are about 3 meters high and 2 meters wide.


After more than 400 years of vicissitudes of life, Guan Fu Zi Temple still retains its original history and many cultural relics have been well protected. In the process of writing, the administrator told the author: in the old days, the longxi flood inundated the nearby houses, and many items in the temple were also flooded. Once the flood covered the roof, the water retreated only to see the other idols all wet, but the emperor's clean clothes, people feel more mysterious. The administrator also took the author to visit the temple's existing shark vertebrae incense burning, the qing Dynasty Yongzheng period ceramic pastel vase, and the Qing Dynasty Qianlong period three ancient steles and other cultural relics. There is an ancient tablet, is the qing Tongzhi ten years hui Yi gongsheng Xiao Jichuan wrote "guan Fu Zi Temple" tablet, the text said: "Long River worship, Guan Fu zi since the wanli before the Ming dynasty, did not buy the port before there were three camphor trees, day and night when the divine zhao Lingyi people, so the sacrificial model. How to the holy image, the Kang Xi Qianlong dynasty between the repair of the heir, is bright and sensitive to the time of incense margin deep, all urban and rural up and down water, fire and drought, responsive to demand..."


The inscription mentioned that Guan Gong appeared to save the world, which strengthened people's belief in sacrifice. "Guan Shengdi Jun" has always been the object of folk sacrifice. The 13th day of the 5th lunar month is Guan Gong's birthday and seance day, commonly known as "Guan Gong's Knife Sharpening Day". Longjiang Guan Confucius Temple is very lively.