The huilai culture that has been gradually forgotten

1.Folk Culture and entertainment


  (1) Tide dramas



People in Huilai like Chaozhou opera. Since the Ming Dynasty, there have been folk monkey classes, singing Chaozhou opera. After the founding of New China, amateur chao troupes were organized in large rural areas to perform on festivals. Chaoju has a unique artistic style, which is characterized by:



(1) The language is characterized by its natural qualities and literary talent. It is good at using slang, Xiehouyu and other unique dialects, which is very suitable for the taste of Huilai people;

(2) The singing is low, graceful and gentle;

(3) Life, denier performance light song wonderful dance, delicate and beautiful;

(4) Jag has a close division of labor and rich procedures;

(5) Chaozhou opera is good at eclectic music and performance forms, absorbing many advantages and integrating.


Close the child play


Guan Xitong is a kind of recreational activity that has been spread in huilai from ancient times to the early 1950s. It is usually held in the eighth month of the lunar calendar, especially around the Mid-Autumn Festival. Generally speaking, it is more prevalent in the countryside than in the towns. It is understood that guan Xiatong's activities can be roughly divided into two types:


One is game-based. The activity is roughly like this: at the edge of the village or in the open space in front of the house, a group of innocent and lively children gather together. First, the host holds back a piece of soil to the field and places it in the incense burner to worship. Then, the launch of a child as "foot color", squatting in the center, close her eyes. The rest of the children, each holding a pillar of incense, up and down, left and right. Incense is like a fish flies. They waved incense and chanted incantations. The color of the feet was dazed and sleepy in the peculiar atmosphere of incense, smoke, and a harmonious but monotonous spell. To sweet fall, "foot color" jump, according to the designated topic, dancing, singing and acting, not their own. Most of the songs were popular folk operas and folk ballads familiar to the masses. The time is short thirty minutes, long one or two hours. At last they all called The name Of Foot color and sang this concluding song: "Sunset is sunset, and every house is closed. Chickens, geese, birds and ducks go to the house and advise you to go home together." So foot color wakes up and the game is over.


The second is stage type. Before the activity, set up the stage on the field. When the activity, put a straw mat on the stage, burn a bunch of paper money. The host stage with a wooden stick, stick on the ground, and mouth incantation. Then, "foot color" people one after another on stage, touch the wooden staff, they touch the wooden staff, immediately fell to the ground, such as sleep such as drunk. The staff carried them backstage and the host announced that the play was coming. With their eyes still closed, they can jump up and perform (but not sing) out of the front stage. They closed their eyes to the backstage accompaniment and the rhythm of the music, the performance is vivid, often to the audience cheers.


There is no doubt that guan Xi Tong, a folk art activity, is a carrier of folk song and dance and folk opera style, which has exerted an ununderestimated influence on the formation of Chaozhou opera. As this kind of activity with the color of witchcraft, so naturally make people have a sense of mystery to it, feel confusing. To this day, some old people who have watched the drama still feel endless enjoyment when they talk about it.


(2) Monkey play


Huilai monkey Play is also called "paper drama" or "shadow drama". Both names are its predecessors. Because huilai's monkey play is not only a reflection, but a three-dimensional small opera characters in the stage activities. The stage is 2.5 meters wide, 2 meters high and 0.8 meters deep, and the sets and props are just like chaozhou opera, only scaled down. "Actors" are similar to small puppets with delicate heads made of clay and straw cores. They wear embroidered clothes, just like the costumes of Chaozhou opera. Each character is exactly like the one in Chaozhou opera, shrunk down to about 20 centimeters each. The back and hands and feet were tied with anoroki chopsticks, and the performers manipulated anoroki chopsticks to make the performance vivid. The opera for the original Chaozhou opera, singing sheng Dan ugly clean, some people in the background sing, very wonderful, become a unique form of art. The troupe is small in scale and low in funding, which is especially suitable for the entertainment needs of remote villages. Therefore, many folk artists organized anorak troupes to perform in various villages, which were very popular with the masses.


It has been verified that from the Reign of Taichang in the Ming Dynasty (about 1620) to 1957, more than 30 leather-monkey troupes have been held in every village of the county for more than 300 years. There are aotou Village, Donglong Village, Jinghaisuo, Huicheng, Jinglong, Shishi, Nanshanling, Chiao, Jilong, Haicheng, Hangmei, Gangliao, Banmei, Xinan, Hengshan, Lian Xi, Qianzhan, Houxiyang, Dongfu and other villages, performing hundreds of traditional plays.


In the early period of the Republic of China, the monkey troupe has entered Shantou city and Chaoyang County. It was staged in Shanghai in the 1940s. At that time in Shanghai's chaoshan fellow villagers, to the artist warm hospitality, in Shanghai also learned a few puppet drama scientific principles and artistic skills.


After 1958, especially during the Cultural Revolution, this folk art disappeared. In 1980, Rong Xingli, Lin Tingrong, Zeng Maozhang and others in Jinghai town initiated a voluntary investment to rebuild the scene, inviting old artists to train new students, and setting up three classes of anoran opera. The performance not only retains the characteristics of traditional art, but also has some innovative plays. Go to mountain and coastal villages. In 1986, when Huilai County organized the Spring Festival entertainment activities, jinghai Town two classes were invited to the county seat to perform, the audience was very lively, praise the revival of this ancient folk art.


Each anorak class through regular activities, many artistic talent. Some became famous artists in chaozhou opera, such as Lin Jinliu, who was called "Jinliu Dan" by the audience. He grew up with his father to play the monkey, practice "iron voice", euphemistic singing, was the original Shantou City Sanzheng Shun Chaozhou opera class, with 1,000 silver yuan hire income class. He became the famous actor of his year. Lin Qixiong was good at playing the second string and suona in the practice of anorak class. In 1957, when Huilai set up yuzhengchao Troupe, he was invited to be the head master and deputy head of the troupe.


The history of shadow puppetry according to the history of Barngrass: "Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty did not give a thought to Madam Li's death. There were a group of people who claimed to be skilled and capable of making shadow puppetry. When the emperor summoned him to the palace, he set up a tent and set up a lamp, while the emperor sat in his tent and looked at it as if he saw the image of Madam Li. According to the records, we can judge that although there was only "ying" at that time, it was not enough to call it "drama". But the method of "setting up accounts and lighting" is obviously the origin of "film drama". "Accounting", that is, like the cinema screen today; "Lantern" is like today's projector. From "shadow puppetry" to "film", The Times are more than a thousand years apart, but the origins are different, in form can be said to be one line.


Shadow puppetry originated in the Northern Song Dynasty. According to the book "Ji Sheng of the Capital city", "All the films were carved on plain paper at the beginning by the People of The Capital City, and the characters and animals were later covered with colorful skins. The stories in the films are quite similar to those in the history books, which are mostly both true and false. The faithful are carved with a positive appearance, and the wicked are ugly. The cover is also commendatory and demeaning in the eyes of the city."


The Capital Ji Sheng was written by Nade De Weng in the Northern Song Dynasty. There are two things that are worth noting in his article. One is that clusters were carved on plain paper at the beginning, which is almost similar to that of a horse-lantern; After that, it developed into shadow puppetry from paper puppetry, which was more similar in form. Shadow puppetry at that time not only had the actions of the characters, but also a narrator to tell the story. In other words, shadow puppetry and song script, which became popular at that time, actually cooperated with each other and formed an organic whole.


Shadow puppetry originated from the Capital teachers of the Northern Song Dynasty. In addition to the above records, there is also a more specific description in Meng Yuanlao's Tokyo Dream Hualu. He said: "Since chongguan, the skills in the Capital city are tong 15, Zhao Qi, Cao Baoyi, Zhu Poer, Bujiao camel, Feng Seng brother, Zu Elder sister, Ding Yi, Shou Ji and so on." Tokyo Dream Hualu is a work of recalling the prosperity of the cultural relics system in Bianjing after the song dynasty came to the south. The above description even includes the names of shadow puppetry performers, which is very precious and makes us know that there were many independent producers of shadow puppetry in Bianjing during the Northern Song Dynasty.


In addition, there are many contemporary private notes that mention shadow puppetry. Such as Wu Zimu's "Dream Liang Lu" volume 20, said: "There are more people who make films... Hangzhou has Jia Silang, Wang Sheng, Wang Runqing, and so on, familiar at the mercy, no difference." In volume 2 of Zhou Mi's "Old Stories of Martial Arts", he said: "On February 8, for the birthday of King Zhang of Tongchuan, huoshan went to the palace to make a pilgrimage to the peak, and all kinds of operas were gathered, such as Hailu Society (miscellaneous drama) and Painted Cao Society (film drama). If on March 3, Dian Sizhen Wuhui and On March 18, Dongyue's birthday, the social flourishing was simulated in a large proportion, which is too much to be recounted." The former shows that after the Song dynasty moved to the south, the opera became popular in Hangzhou. The latter shows that when the folk temple fair was held at that time, film performances were common, and there had been the organization of "grass-drawing society", just like the establishment of film companies today.


Volume six of "Old Stories of Wulin" contains the following records: "The color art people, include movie jia town, Gu Xiong, still keep righteousness, three jia (Gu Wei Gu Yi Gu You), volts (v, v (2) v (3), pool, Chen Song, ma jun, a horse, san-lang wang (l), Zhu Yu, CAI advisory, seven, week-end, Guo Zhen, Li Ernian (play), Wang Runqing (woman), the black mother." This list is particularly detailed, including the name of Wang Sheng and Wang Runqing, also seen in "Dream Liang Lu". Wang Runqing and Wang Runqing, thought to be the same person. Lane shadow play and have female flow host, is not elder female star? According to the above descriptions, we can see that the film troupe of the Southern Song Dynasty was quite large and occupied an orthodox position in the drama circle, which was highly valued and welcomed by the ordinary people.


In the Song Dynasty, the popularity of films did not diminish, which can be seen from the following records.


In his notes on Six Inkstone Studio, Li Rihua wrote, every time I watched the lyrics in the movie, I memorized the words of dragon and phoenix in the palace. The story of the fake nephew of the Southern Song dynasty is based on the miscellaneous records of the Song people."


Wu Qian, in his Poem of Worship tower, said, "The film may be a parody of the affair of the emperor's wife during the Han Dynasty, and it was played in changan Town of Wuzhou (referring to Haining). Check "ancient Yanguan song" have: 'Yan said the good children of Chang 'an, Smoked yi singing Yiyang tune. 'The figures in the shadow are painted leather, and smoked to open also."


Fu Dun li "yan Jing old year old when remember" carry: "film play borrows the lamp to take a shadow, the plot is lamentable and unusual, old crone listens to it, can tear more."


From this we can see that in the Ming and Qing dynasties, the drama still retains the lingering charm of the Southern Song Dynasty. Even popular sites have expanded. In his story of The Yanjing Age, Thomas Fulton described that there were two schools of films of the Beijing Master at that time: "Dragon and Tiger films" and "Luanzhou films". Popular in Shaanxi, Henan, Gansu and spread to the Capital, known as "dragon and tiger shadow", is the Xicheng school. Popular in the east of Beijing and spread to Beijing, known as "Luanzhou shadow", is the Dongcheng school.


Chaozhou in Guangdong province is a particularly developed area of shadow puppetry. The notes of the Qing Dynasty refer to chaozhou films as follows:


Wang Ding "Two jiu an notes" contained: "The paper shadow of chaojun is also good, full of eyebrows... Chao County city box paper film, sing thoroughly xiao, listen to your fame."


Li Xun, Shuo Ying, volume 13: "The chao people are the most popular film plays. They are made of cowhide carved human figures and painted by algae. The actors are hidden in paper Windows and even by chopsticks, they can turn and dance according to the festival. More elegant than a puppet. People say that this is the only chao county, but it is not."


Chen Kun "Lingnan Sundry poetry copy" volume five years: "Happy feeling feel wugeng cold, mo listen to the bell will do huan. Taixi floating life if the original play, that can play in the film view. (Note: Hipsters are most popular in their films. They use cow skin as the figures. The abbot of the stage blocks the front corner with paper, puts a lamp behind it, and views the shadow figures on paper. Cheap labor province, and people from more music, all night gather view, to xiao Fang scattered. Strictly prohibit, xiao Feng at ease. The level of teochew fans seems to be particularly deep, and they insist on "watching all night" until dawn. At best, modern moviegoers only watch midnight shows.


In the ancient Huilai drama, all the figures in the film were made of cow skin, donkey skin and sheepskin. The leather was soaked in tung oil to make it transparent, and then the figures were cut and colored. Each person is divided into six parts, body, head and limbs, and then connected together with iron branches, silk thread control, can move freely. When the performance, the stage internal combustion lamp, a bamboo frame on the table, paste translucent plain paper, just like today's screen, as a projection. Therefore, in the writings of huilai scholars, there is a good name of "bamboo window paper shadow". Hidden in bamboo Windows, the filmmakers often work as editors, directors, music, etc., and also sing and talk together. Every play is single-handedly done. Huilai people describe busy common proverbs, there are "feet beat gongs, hands beat drums, mouth song, head clang bell", that is, to play shadow puppetry as an analogy, when the show starts, drum music, in a sense on stage, foot color mixed out, Sheng Dan Net ugly rap, the scene is very lively; At this time, if the audience tore the bamboo window paper, look inside, it is only an old artist, playing its one-man show.


(3) Folk dances


 (3.1) Tigers and lions dance


Lion dance began after the Han Dynasty. China did not produce lions originally. In the Book of the Later Han dynasty, it was recorded that the Yue Kingdom (a small country in the Western Regions) in the reign of Emperor Zhang of the Han Dynasty offered lions, which was called "Suanni" at that time. From then on, people regarded the vigorous and powerful lion as a symbol of auspice and bravery, and gradually formed lion dance by imitating the image and movements of lions. At the beginning, it was popular in the palace. Later, it gradually developed to the people and became the main entertainment festival in festivals and social operas. According to historical records, during the Reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, there was a large-scale performance of the "five square Lion dance", which was listed as one of the eight departments of the Ministry of Dance. Tang Dynasty poet Bai Juyi wrote this poem in "Xiliang Kabuki" : "Xiliang Kabuki, Xiliang Kabuki, fake face hu people fake lion, wood for the head silk for the tail, gold plated eyes silver thread teeth, fen Xun sweater put ears, such as from quicksand to thousands of miles..." The image and posture of the popular lion dance at that time were depicted in a delicate humorous and lifelike way. With the passage of time and constant changes, lion dance has gradually formed many schools, mainly north and south schools. The Northern Lion Dance (also known as the Northern Lion dance) has one or two performers with their whole body covered by the lion, wearing pants of the same color as the lion and flower boots. The lion dancers dress up as warriors, holding hydrangea, and perform to the percussion music of jinggu and jinggong. However, the southern style of lion dance (also known as the Southern Lion dance, also known as the common lion dance in Huilai) does not cover the whole body. In the lion dance, one person dances the lion's head and another dances the lion's tail. Common southern lion, divided into lion man, lion quilt, lion tail, lion head modeling, the shell is bamboo thin woven paste on gauze paper, painted on colorful patterns, forehead hanging mirror then hang four embroidered balls, eyes installed on glass beads, more powerful fierce fierce. The lion quilt was a patterned piece of cloth with beaded edges. The lion can be pasted into a bamboo frame and painted with a pattern similar to the head.


After the founding of new China, this traditional folk art enjoyed by the masses developed in Huilai. Tiglion dances are performed at major festivals and festivals. From the first day of the first lunar month to the Lantern Festival, tiger-lion classes will perform in various towns and villages.


Tiglion dancers can be squat or stilt, but the shape is the same. The lion head is a delicate handicraft. It is made of thin paper pasted on the mold for many times. Painted with various patterns, eyes and ears can move, wooden mouth open and close freely. And put a skin around his forehead. The lion as yellow cloth drawing, lion tail is a bunch of red silk. One person holds the head, one person holds the tail, coordinates the tacit understanding, performs various poses. Tiger lions on stilts, typically 5 feet tall. Tiger-lion also has a cub, commonly known as "tiger-lion mother", who wears a broad head scarf and holds a broken sunflower fan to tempt tiger-lion with a smile. The lion dance is the first stage of the whole dance, followed by martial arts. The second is free fighting, and two people fighting, the third is the instrument performance, there are sticks, double knives and sticks and weapons fighting, the fourth is the stunt performance, mainly drill the ring of fire, with a square table, tie an iron ring, tie oil thick paper, lit, the athletes one by one jump over the ring of fire, then the audience cheering and clapping, the scene is warm.


The lion dance class must worship the village gate at each place, then pay homage to the local land uncle, the god of Wells, the village elders, and the local boxing hall in turn, and then pay homage door to door. No matter where the tilion goes, it is necessary to set off firecrackers to welcome him, but at this time, the lion can not enter the door at will, but should hold the lion's head and dance until the firecrackers are finished. Worship must be done in front of the kitchen king left, middle and right kowtowing action, a total of three rounds. After visiting the shrine to leave, the lion head must face the host dancing, backward out of the door, and presented the red paper, all worship finished, then in the local find a wide venue performance.


Green lion and Red Lion "Green lion" and "red lion" are symbols of the boxing skills of lion dancers. Qingshi martial arts gaoqiang class, also called "qingshi white eyebrow"; The red lion is commonly known as the "lioness" or "honest lion". He thinks his boxing skills are general. When he goes out, he follows the rules and follows the rules.


 (3.2) Ao dance


Like other places in the Pearl River Delta, huilai has also had artistic activities such as dancing with fish lanterns since ancient times. According to the Dictionary source, the ao fish is the ninth son of the dragon. It is good at swallowing fire and spitting water for the benefit of the people. Therefore, people regard it as a mascot. During the Spring Festival, the lantern dance is performed to pray for auspicious New Year. Before the 1950s, wuao activities were common in Huicheng West Union. The ao fish lamp is 5 feet long, and the leading fish body is first shaped with bamboo strips, pasted up with silk paper, and finally painted with color, matched with decorations, it becomes a ao fish lamp. Then the belly is fixed with a wooden board, embedded in the stick, so that the lantern can become a dancing prop. Also in the turtle belly light, or with a dry battery installed electric bubble, night turtle lamp is more beautiful. During the dance, nine strong men each hold a lantern and perform a dance. The performances are conducted by taillights and accompanied by percussion music and brass music. The Musical Instruments include drums, gongs, cymbals and suona music, etc. It has become a popular entertainment program among the masses. In Huilai, the word "ao" is often mispronounced as other syllables. For example, it is clearly aotou pagoda, so people call it "Gretou Pagoda". Ao Fish is also mistakenly called Yue Fish, which sounds like crocodile. When the show was reorganized in the 1980s, it was decided to be a crocodile, and in the 1990s, it was officially named "Dancing Nine Crocodiles." Also made up some dance: play, evil, arrogant, drive, repentance, from the good, jump longmen, cheng Zhengguo.


 (3.3) English singing and dancing


There are many different opinions about the origin of Yingsong and Dance, but they are not contradictory. Perhaps they all add up to reflect the truth of history. That is, The Ying song and dance originated from the ancient Folk nuo dance and nuo ceremony in the Central Plains. With the ancestors of the Chao people moving south to the coast, especially the small court in the Southern Song Dynasty, the big Nuo in the Rites of Zhou, as one of the important contents of the etiquette of the government, was deposited in the coastal areas of Chaoshan, like all the cultural rites. When the Yuan dynasty ruled, because "Mongolia ruled, more than 80 years, the old Chinese customs for its ravages, because of the extinction, do not know what to do. In order to resist the rule of the Yuan Dynasty Mongol nobles, they practiced martial arts in the name of English songs and dances in the coastal villages far away from the political center of Chaozhou, imitating the 108 heroes of The Water Margin Liangshan. The Yuan dynasty soon fell. After the Unification of the Ming Dynasty, the political center moved northward. This kind of art form suspected of armed resistance gradually declined, and in the southern rural areas with the tradition of "Chu people are fond of sacrificial rites", they obtained new vitality by relying on the folk wandering god competition. At the end of Ming dynasty and the beginning of Qing Dynasty, the Manchu regime moved southward, which made it gain new resistance power. The areas of Nuo culture that remain today are mostly in the areas where Zheng Chenggong rebelled against the Qing Dynasty and revived the Ming Dynasty, and wu Sangui and other "San Francisco rebellion", which has something to do with this. The close relationship between Ying Song and dance and youshen competition is particularly obvious.


It is characterized by a folk dance of the fiercest and most masculine style. The rhythm is bright, the movement is vigorous, fully shows the manly heroic spirit.


English song and dance has been handed down since the middle of Ming Dynasty, and has been further developed and improved by the end of 20th century. This dance originates from liangshanbo heroes to save the Song River against the daiming house, disguised as a team into the city to make yuanxiao evolved. The sequence of the dance team is generally as follows: it is led by a color axis, on which is written "×× Village Yingge Team". Then there is a clown, clinging to a cloth snake dancing, has the role of opening the way. Later, a couple of masked men and women, holding a broken sunflower fan, laughing. Behind is the yingge front shed, 36 people (or 72 people, or 108 people) painted the faces of the Heroes of Liangshanbo, wearing heroic scarves and warrior uniforms. Each hand carried a 40cm long stick, and kept beating, the movements were uniform and the rhythm was neat. Under the direction of the gongs and drums behind, the changes in movement, changes in formation, staggered shuttle, dazzling. The drum is played by the commander, sitting on the high drum pavilion, carried by four people, along with the side of the gong. A queen's studio is an eclectic play (a one-act play) or a short part of a play. Sometimes as many as dozens. In the square, their performances, vigorous and unrestrained momentum, is the essence of folk dance.


The English song and dance in Huilai is quite common, spread in every wei town. After the founding of new China, in the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival around the comprehensive art parade, there must be A Song and dance.


(4) Tidal music


Chao music includes percussion music, string music, flute music and xile music, etc. It is an ancient music with unique artistic style and strong local color, as well as profound mass foundation and high artistic value.


Chao music, simple and elegant, can be traced back to the Tang and Song dynasties. By the middle of the Ming Dynasty, it became a folk music art with rich repertoire, diversified forms and its own system. It is a popular folk art with a variety of playing methods and combinations of Musical Instruments, mainly including:


Luogu music is a popular folk music. It is divided into da luogu and Bai Zi luogu. Da luogu is the soundtrack for playing the repertores of Zhengzi Troupe. Musical Instruments have a big drum, two big gongs, four small gongs, two pairs of cymbals, two suona, plus a trombone. During the parade, the drum is placed in the drum pavilion, with big gongs on both sides. It is carried by four people. The music is vigorous and unrestrained and moving. Baizi gongs and drums are performed with the score of Chaozhou opera. Parade, with a long axis as the guide, on the x x music club. Then there were two boys and girls carrying the gun bags. The girls were dressed up gorgeously, and the boys were full of spirit. They each carried two exquisitely decorated flower baskets with a thin pole. In the back is the gong and drum pavilion, which is carried by a man with two gongs. In front is a qin zai, about 30 centimeters in diameter. There is a deep groove around the gong and a round convex in the center. Struck with a looped mallet, the sound is sharp and crisp. Behind is a deep wave (big gong), the sound is deep and thick. Then came the drum pavilion, which was carried by two people and held by one person. The drum pavilion was made of wood carvings on all sides and was very beautiful. There are also 8 - or 16-sided crispy gongs following the drum pavilion. And then the string band. At the beginning, a pair of horizontal flutes, followed by erxian, erhu, coconut, Qin qin, yueqin, etc. Sometimes there is a big yu (big coconut), which is equivalent to the role of cello, and there is a small guan dao to play a small yun gong and a small copper rod to hit a small copper bell. They were wearing long shirts, shaking their heads, enjoying themselves and being funny. The whole band played melodious, euphemistic and moving music, giving the audience a great artistic enjoyment.


String poetry and music is the oldest and most popular folk music. Donglong is also known as the "eight-tone class", which is played by eight Musical Instruments. The "Ersi pu" and its main instrument, sanxian, are related to the tang and Song Zheng music.


Xile is a small band with three strings, pipa and guzheng as the main body. Sometimes accompanied by coconut hu, flute, dong xiao and so on. Inheriting the performance methods of the Confucian school, it has the performance characteristics of chamber music, forming the main characteristics of chao music.


Qu gang is a chorus of chao qu. The instruments are like the white gongs and drums, but on a smaller scale. You Sheng, Dan, Chou, Jing, at the end of the chant chao Opera quwen. There are about 20 people in the party. Whenever the first of the first month, often to each ancestor door, rich families, units to perform.


In the 1990s, huilai County Chao Music Society was established, with a two-story building on the east side of Huicheng Pond. Gathering of pop music talents, research and development of pop music. I won awards at the city fair.


(5) Cultural and recreational parades


Every year during the Spring Festival, a grand parade of comprehensive folk art performances is held in county towns and main wei towns. It is a spring greeting procession featuring chaozhou opera, chaozhou music, folk dance, boxing, arts and crafts and new floats. The parade mainly includes big gongs and drums, carrying the big flag, English singing and dancing, flower basket pole, scenery screen, primary and secondary school students' drum and Yang Horns, colorful flags, dancing, etc. The parade is about 2 kilometers long and lasts about 4 hours in the main street of the county, with crowds standing on both sides of the street watching. The Spring Festival lasts for three days in a row, presenting a peaceful and peaceful scene. The masses enjoy it and never tire of it. It has become the main content of the festival for all the people.


Huilai flag-marking gongs and drums parade has a long history. As early as in the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, the big gongs and drums spring outing was very popular, deriving from the consciousness of praying for good harvest and avoiding evil spirits.


The flags are usually 4 or 5 meters in width and 2 meters in height. The flags are made of silk and satin, decorated with decorations and inlaid with such beautiful lines as "The four seas rise to peace" and "The Year is rich and the people are happy". The flags are also decorated with colorful lace to make them dazzling. The flag bearers are selected young girls or handsome men. Some are wearing long gowns, some are wearing cheongsam, and some are wearing heavy make-up. The men are handsome and handsome, and the women are dazzling. This kind of flag is called "wen biao", some as many as 160. "Wenbiao" in the middle of some also inserted a triangular "centipede flag", the edge of this kind of flag is composed of numerous edges and corners, with a large bamboo string, into a lattice, commonly known as "wubiao" or "wufeng flag", carried by strong men. The bearer of the "wubiao", everyone wearing straps on his feet, wearing manear shoes, warriors, wearing pointed bamboo hat, looks mighty and majestic. No matter the "Wenbiao" or "Wubiao", there are nets or flower baskets in front of the logo, and there are daji (mandarin orange), cigarettes, famous wine and so on.


Behind the flag is the "firecracker" and "flower basket", by 32 clever men and women, harddressed into the "eight impromptu celebration", "Jiangwanli seal", "five blessings map" and other eight screen play. After the stage is the gong and drum corps, 16 pretty girls in uniform beat the gong to open the way. Behind the gong is the jingzhong drum, which leads the whole set of drum music. The drum pavilion carrying the drum is carried by two people in front and one behind. On both sides of the drum are two sets of cymbals and two sets of cymbals, plus the small gong and qinzai become a command center. After dagu came deep wave and "Ma Tou Gong" (commonly known as Su Gong), collectively known as "Wu Pan". "Wupan" is followed by "Wenpan", including nearly 30 Musical Instruments such as erxian, coco-hu, dulcimer, guzheng, pipa, yueqin, big coco-string, suona, horizontal flute and straight xiao. At the end of the team, specially set a person to pick exquisite "Pro bear", which put good luck, New Year cards, to show wishes. Villages should also return the courtesy to "Zhen Dan" to express good wishes to each other.


This kind of folk recreational activities, inherited from generation to generation, constantly enriched and perfected, deeply loved by the masses. In recent years, bathed in the spring breeze of reform and opening up, huilai city and countryside, every Spring Festival there are flag-marking gongs and drums art parade. The quality of the team, arrangement, costumes, props or activities, and the art of drum and music performance all have high appreciation value. In particular, the flag-marking gongs and drums in Kuitan town carry forward the chaoshan folk art tradition and add the modern trendy school of consciousness. "The past is for the present, the foreign is for the Chinese", which is more spectacular and vigorous.